Definition of Cinematography- The art of making motion pictures. movie shots come in all different angles which stresses a certain part of the movie or show. These show what type of movies or show these people represent. this can also target certain viewing audiences. there are several different shots a show or movie can contain. such as:
Establishing shots (EST)- where the action takles place this sets the scene
Wide shot (WS)- often (but not always) used as an establashing shot.
the point of this is to show the subjects suroundings.
Long shot(LS) - a shot which shows most or even all of a subject and their surrounding.
Medium long shot(MLS)- knees to head with some background
Medium shots (MS)- waist to head
Medium two shot (M2S)- similar to above but with two people.
Medium close up (MCU)- head and shoulders
Close up (CU) - shows the characters face, it used to show emotion.
Big close up (BCU)- forehead to chin, used to show extreme emotion.
Extreme close up (ECU)- a very tight shot, for example someones eye or a door handle.
Over the shoulder (OTS)-used during a conversation, medium close up + the other persons shoulder, head and back etc.used during a conversation, medium close up + the other persons shoulder, head and back etc.
Over the head shots (OH)- camera will be directly over the objects or actors
High angle (H/A)- could be used to make object/ person powerless.
Low Angle(L/A) -Could be used to make the object person powerful.
deep shot(DS) - when something is in the foreground and something alse is in the background